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The stage of mass tourism at the end of the XIX century to the mid-XX century
In the late XIX century and the beginning of the XX century in order to create comfort for guests in caravanserais ... ...
10-08-2012 17:10
Tourism
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In the late XIX century and the beginning of the XX century in order to create comfort for guests in caravanserais of Baku the renovation work were carried in buildings of caravanserais and they were used as hotel. After becoming a part of the Russian empire, the development of the tourism – excursion work was connected with Russia. The history of organized tourism in Azerbaijan may be referred to 1908. Thus, in 1908 one of the branches of the Crimea - Caucasus mountain club was opened in Baku.  Baku section was engaged with organization of the remote and close excursions. At the end of the XIX century and the beginning of the XX century, the scientific and amateur societies (Geographical society, society of lovers of nature, people’s universities society and others) began to pay attention to development of tourism.  

Beginning from 1929 the “Proletariat Tourism Society” has become the main tourist movement center in the former USSR. Its sections began to establish in various cities, as well as in Baku. The main objectives of “Proletariat Tourism Society” are development of amateur tourism among workers, to give tourism the organized public form, application of country elements in tourism, etc. The main purpose of the society was to make the tourism as mass movement, to cover the different groups of workers (mainly with low income), to use tourism as a means of increase of political and cultural level.
In 1922 the first excursion circles were created in Baku. Excursions mainly used for acquaintances of workers working in the factory, plants and oil fields with other industrial sectors. In summer period recreation excursions were arranged to the Caspian coasts in Mardakan, Shuvalan, Buzovna, Turkan, Zig, Artyom Island and Shykh strip.  In 1927 450 excursion tours were arranged. During these years the most active entity engaged in the tourism excursion was Trade Unions.
In Azerbaijan PTEC (“Proletariat Tourism and Tours Company”)  functioning as section of all-union PTEC since 1929 began to operate under the  Central Executive Committee of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic  since the year 1935.   In this regard, by the decision of the Council of People’s Commissars of the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic dated May 11, 1935, No. 476 some measures were implemented for improvement of tourism business. In Kirovabad (Ganja) the base of District Council of the PTEC of Azerbaijan was created. In Hajikend 3 tourist center houses were taken in leasing. The 20-seat tent camp was established in Goygol.
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The stage of mass tourism at the end of the XIX century to the mid-XX century -
10-08-2012 17:10
Tourism
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